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JAMES BOND - GOLDENEYE - Card #70 - CLICK, CLICK... Graffiti 1995 - SEAN BEAN:
JAMES BOND - GOLDENEYE - Individual Base Card from the series issued by Graffiti in 1995
GoldenEye(1995) is the seventeenth spy film in the James Bond series,and the first to star Pierce Brosnan as the fictional MI6 officerJames Bond. The film was directed by Martin Campbell and is the firstin the series not to take story elements from the works of novelistIan Fleming. The story was conceived and written by Michael France,with later collaboration by other writers. In the film, Bond fightsto prevent an ex-MI6 agent, gone rogue, from using a satelliteagainst London to cause a global financial meltdown.
GoldenEyewas released in 1995 after a six-year hiatus in the series caused bylegal disputes, during which Timothy Dalton resigned from the role ofJames Bond and was replaced by Pierce Brosnan. M was also recast,with actress Judi Dench becoming the first woman to portray thecharacter, replacing Robert Brown. The role of Miss Moneypenny wasalso recast, with Caroline Bliss being replaced by Samantha Bond;Desmond Llewelyn was the only actor to reprise his role, as Q.GoldenEyewas the first Bond film made after the dissolution of the SovietUnion and the end of the Cold War, which provided a background forthe plot.
The filmaccumulated a worldwide gross of US$350.7 million, considerablybetter than Dalton\'s films, without taking inflation into account.The film received positive reviews, with critics viewing Brosnan as adefinite improvement over his predecessor. The film also receivedaward nominations for \"Best Achievement in Special Effects\"and \"Best Sound\" from the British Academy of Film andTelevision Arts.
The name\"GoldenEye\" pays homage to James Bond\'s creator, IanFleming. While working for British Naval Intelligence as a lieutenantcommander, Fleming liaised with the American OSS to monitordevelopments in Spain after the Spanish Civil War in an operationcodenamed Operation Goldeneye. Fleming used the name of his operationfor his estate in Oracabessa, Jamaica.
In 1986,at Arkhangelsk, MI6 agents James Bond and Alec Trevelyan infiltrate aSoviet chemical weapons facility and plant explosives. Trevelyan iscaptured and gunned down by Colonel Arkady Grigorovich Ourumov, butBond flees as the facility explodes.
Nineyears later, in Monte Carlo, Bond follows Xenia Onatopp, a member ofthe Janus crime syndicate, who has formed a suspicious relationshipwith Charles Farrel, a Canadian Navy admiral. As Onatopp crushes theadmiral to death with her thighs during sex, his credentials arestolen by Ourumov, who uses them to board a French Navy destroyerwith Onatopp to steal a Eurocopter Tiger helicopter. Ourumov andOnatopp later fly the helicopter to a bunker in Severnaya, Siberia,where they massacre the staff and steal the control disk for theGoldenEye satellites, two Soviet electromagnetic weapon satellitesfrom the Cold War. They program the first GoldenEye (Petya)to destroy the complex, and escape with programmer Boris Grishenko.Natalya Simonova, the lone survivor, contacts Boris and arranges tomeet him in Saint Petersburg, where he betrays her to Janus.
InLondon, M assigns Bond to investigate the attack. He flies to SaintPetersburg to meet CIA operative Jack Wade, who suggests that Bondmeet with Valentin Zukovsky, a former KGB agent and business rival ofJanus. Zukovsky arranges a meeting between Bond and Janus. Onatoppsurprises Bond at the Grand Hotel Europe and attempts to kill him,but he overpowers her. She takes Bond to Janus, who reveals himselfas Trevelyan; he faked his death at Arkhangelsk but was badly scarredby the explosion. A descendant of the Cossack clans who collaboratedwith the Nazi forces in the Second World War, Trevelyan had vowedrevenge against the British after they betrayed the Cossacks, whichdrove his father to kill Trevelyan\'s mother and himself. Just as Bondis about to shoot Trevelyan, Bond is shot with a tranquilizer dart.
Bondawakens, tied up with Natalya in the helicopter, which has beenprogrammed to self-destruct. They escape but are captured andtransported to the Russian military archives, where Minister ofDefence Dimitri Mishkin interrogates them. Just as Natalya revealsthe existence of a second satellite and Ourumov\'s involvement in theSiberian massacre, Ourumov arrives and kills Mishkin. Intending toframe Bond for the murder, he calls the guards, but Bond and Natalyaescape. In the ensuing firefight, Natalya is captured. Bond steals atank and pursues Ourumov through St. Petersburg to Trevelyan\'s train,where he kills Ourumov. Trevelyan escapes and locks Bond in the trainwith Natalya, setting it to self-destruct. As Bond cuts through thefloor with his laser watch, Natalya triangulates Boris\' satellitedish to Cuba. The two escape just before the train explodes.
Bond andNatalya meet Wade in Cuba and borrow his plane, where the same night,they make love. The next day, while searching for GoldenEye\'ssatellite dish, they are shot down. Onatopp rappels down from ahelicopter and attacks Bond. After a fight ensues, Bond shoots downthe helicopter, which snares Onatopp and crushes her to death againsta tree. Bond and Natalya watch water draining out of a lake,uncovering the satellite dish. They infiltrate the control station,and Bond is captured. Trevelyan reveals his plan to rob the Bank ofEngland before erasing all of its financial records with the secondGoldenEye (Misha),concealing the theft and destroying Britain\'s economy.
Natalyaprograms the satellite to initiate atmospheric re-entry and destroyitself. As Trevelyan captures Natalya and orders Grishenko to savethe satellite, Boris unwittingly triggers an explosion with Bond\'spen grenade (received earlier from Q), which allows Bond to escape tothe antenna cradle. Bond sabotages the antenna, preventing Grishenkofrom regaining control of the satellite. Bond and Trevelyan fight onthe antenna\'s suspended platform, which finishes with Bond holding adangling Trevelyan by his foot. Bond releases Trevelyan, who plummetsinto the dish. Seconds later the cradle explodes, and falls, crushingand killing Trevelyan and destroying the base. Amazingly, Borissurvives, but is frozen solid in a cascade of liquid nitrogen.Natalya commandeers a helicopter and rescues Bond. It drops them in afield, where the couple are rescued by Wade and a team of Marines.
Pierce Brosnan as James Bond (007): An MI6 officer assigned to stop the Janus crime syndicate from acquiring \"GoldenEye,\" a clandestine satellite weapon designed and launched by the Soviets during the Cold War.
Sean Bean as Alec Trevelyan (006) / Janus: Initially another 00 officer and Bond\'s friend, he fakes his death at Arkhangelsk and then establishes the Janus crime syndicate in the following nine years.
Izabella Scorupco as Natalya Simonova: The only survivor and eyewitness of the attack of GoldenEye on its own control centre at Severnaya. A skilled programmer, she helps Bond in his mission.
Famke Janssen as Xenia Onatopp: A Georgian lust murderer and Trevelyan\'s henchwoman. A sadist, she enjoys torturing her enemies by crushing them between her thighs.
Joe Don Baker as Jack Wade: A veteran CIA officer on the same mission as Bond.
Judi Dench as M: The head of MI6 and Bond\'s superior.
Gottfried John as General Arkady Grigorovich Ourumov: Commander of Russia\'s Space Division, secretly an agent of Janus who nefariously misuses his authority and position to assist Janus to gain access to the GoldenEye.
Robbie Coltrane as Valentin Dmitrovich Zukovsky: A Russian gangster and ex-KGB officer through whom Bond arranges a meeting with Janus (Trevelyan).
Alan Cumming as Boris Grishenko: A computer programmer at Severnaya secretly affiliated to Janus.
Tchéky Karyo as Russian Defence Minister Dmitri Mishkin
Desmond Llewelyn as Q: The head of Q Branch (research and development division of the British Secret Service). Llewelyn and Joe Don Baker were the only actors to appear in a previous Bond film, Baker appearing in The Living Daylights and Llewelyn appearing as Q throughout the series until his death.
Samantha Bond as Miss Moneypenny: M\'s secretary. Samantha Bond made her first of four appearances as Moneypenny.
Michael Kitchen as Bill Tanner: M\'s Chief of Staff.
Minnie Driver as Irina: A Russian nightclub singer and mistress of Valentin Dmitrovich Zukovsky.
Serena Gordon as Caroline, an MI6 psychological and psychiatric evaluator whom Bond release of the previous Bond film, Licenceto Kill, in July 1989, pre-productionwork for the third James Bond film starring Timothy Dalton,fulfilling his three-film contract, began in May 1990. A poster forthe then-upcoming movie was even featured on the Carlton Hotel duringthe 1990 Cannes Film Festival. In August, TheSunday Times reported that producerAlbert R. Broccoli had parted company with writer Richard Maibaum,who had worked on the scripts of all but three Bond films so far, anddirector John Glen, responsible for the previous five instalments ofthe series. Broccoli listed among the possible directors John Landis,Ted Kotcheff, and John Byrum. Broccoli\'s stepson Michael G. Wilsoncontributed a script, and Wiseguyco-producer Alfonse Ruggiero Jr. was hired to rewrite. Production wasset to start in 1990 in Hong Kong for a release in late 1991.
Daltonwould declare in a 2010 interview that the script was ready and \"wewere talking directors\" before the project entered developmenthell caused by legal problems between Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, parentcompany of the series\' distributor United Artists, and Broccoli\'sDanjaq, owners of the Bond film rights. In 1990, MGM/UA was purchasedby French-Italian broadcasting group Qintex, owner of the Frenchproduction company Pathé, and merged with Pathé CommunicationsGroup to create MGM-Pathé Communications. Pathé CEO GiancarloParretti intended to sell off the distribution rights of the studio\'scatalogue so he could collect advance payments to finance the buyout.This included international broadcasting rights to the 007 library atcut-rate prices, leading Danjaq to sue, alleging the licensingviolated the Bond distribution agreements the company made withUnited Artists in 1962, while negating Danjaq a share of the profits.The lawsuits were only settled in 1992, while Dalton\'s originalcontract with Danjaq expired in 1990.Pre-productionand writing
In May1993, MGM announced a seventeenth James Bond film was back in theworks, to be based on a screenplay by Michael France. With Broccoli\'shealth deteriorating (he died seven months after the release ofGoldenEye),his daughter Barbara Broccoli described him as taking \"a bit ofa back seat\" in film\'s production. Barbara and Michael G. Wilsontook the lead roles in production while Albert Broccoli oversaw theproduction of GoldenEyeas a consulting producer, credited as \"presenter\".
In aninterview in 1993, Dalton said that Michael France was writing thescreenplay, due to be completed in January or February 1994. DespiteFrance\'s screenplay being completed by that January, in April 1994Dalton officially resigned from the role.
AfterMichael France delivered the original screenplay, Jeffrey Caine wasbrought in to rewrite it. Caine kept many of France\'s ideas but addedthe prologue prior to the credits. Kevin Wade polished the script andBruce Feirstein added the finishing touches. In the film, the writingcredit was shared by Caine and Feirstein, while France was creditedwith only the story, an arrangement he felt was unfair, particularlyas he believed the additions made were not an improvement on hisoriginal version. Wade did not receive an official credit, but wasacknowledged in the naming of Jack Wade, the CIA character hecreated.
Toreplace Dalton, the producers cast Irish actor Pierce Brosnan, whohad been prevented from succeeding Roger Moore in 1986 because of hiscontract to star in the Remington Steeletelevision series. Before negotiating with Brosnan, Mel Gibson, HughGrant and Liam Neeson passed on the role. Paul McGann was thestudio\'s original choice for the role. He would have been cast asBond only if Brosnan had turned down the role. Brosnan was paid $1.2million for the film, out of a total budget of $60 million. JudiDench, an English actress, was cast as M replacing Robert Brown,making GoldenEyethe first film of the series featuring a female M. The decision iswidely believed to be inspired by Stella Rimington becoming head ofMI5 in 1992. John Woo was approached as the director, and turned downthe opportunity, but said he was honoured by the offer. The producersthen chose New Zealander Martin Campbell as the director. Brosnanlater described Campbell as \"warrior-like in his take on thepiece\" and that \"there was a huge passion there on both ourparts\".
Whilethe story was not based on a work by Ian Fleming, the title GoldenEyetraces its origins to the name of Fleming\'s Jamaican estate where hewrote the Bond novels. Fleming gave a number of origins for the nameof his estate, including Carson McCullers\' Reflectionsin a Golden Eye and OperationGoldeneye, a contingency plan Fleming himself developed during WorldWar II in case of a Nazi invasion through Spain.
Althoughonly six years since the release of Licenceto Kill, world politics had changeddramatically in the interim. GoldenEyewas the first James Bond film to be produced since the fall of theBerlin Wall, the collapse of the Soviet Union, and the end of theCold War, and therefore it was doubtful whether the character wasstill relevant in the modern world. Some in the film industryfelt it would be \"futile\" for the Bond series to make acomeback, and that it was best left as \"an icon of the past\".The producers even thought of new concepts for the series, such as aperiod piece set in the 1960s, a female 007, or a Black James Bond.Ultimately, they chose to return to the basics of the series, notfollowing the sensitive and caring Bond of the Dalton films or thepolitical correctness that started to permeate the decade. However,when released, the film was considered a successful revitalisation,and it effectively adapted the series for the 1990s. One ofGoldenEye\'sinnovations was the casting of a female M. In the film, the new Mquickly establishes her authority, remarking that Bond is a \"sexist,misogynist dinosaur\" and a \"relic of the Cold War\".This is an early indication that Bond is portrayed as far lesstempestuous than Timothy Dalton\'s Bond from 1989.Filming
Principalphotography for the film began on 16 January 1995 and continued until2 June. The producers were unable to film at Pinewood Studios, theusual location for Bond films, because it had been reserved for FirstKnight. Instead, an old Rolls-Roycefactory at Leavesden Aerodrome in Hertfordshire was converted into anew studio, dubbed Leavesden Studios. This process is shown on the2006 DVD\'s special features.
Thebungee jump was filmed at the Contra Dam (also known as the Verzascaor Locarno Dam) in Ticino, Switzerland. The film\'s casino scenes andthe Tiger helicopter\'s demonstration were shot in Monte Carlo.Reference footage for the tank chase was shot on location in St.Petersburg and matched to the studio at Leavesden. The climacticscenes on the satellite dish were shot at Arecibo Observatory inPuerto Rico. The actual MI6 headquarters were used for external viewsof M\'s office. Some of the scenes in St. Petersburg were actuallyshot in London – the Epsom Downs Racecourse doubled as the airport– to reduce expenses and security concerns, as the second unit sentto Russia required bodyguards.
TheFrench Navy provided full use of the frigate FS LaFayette and their newest helicopter,the Eurocopter Tiger to the film\'s production team. The Frenchgovernment also allowed the use of Navy logos as part of thepromotional campaign for the film. However, the producers had adispute with the French Ministry of Defence over Brosnan\'s oppositionto French nuclear weapons testing and his involvement withGreenpeace; as a result, the French premiere of the film wascancelled.
Thesequences involving the armoured train were filmed on the Nene ValleyRailway, near Peterborough in the UK. The train was composed of aBritish Rail Class 20 diesel-electric locomotive and a pair of BR Mk1 coaches, all three heavily disguised to resemble a Soviet armouredtrain.